The Sanskrit word ‘ayur’ means life and ‘veda’ means wisdom. Ayurveda is the ancient Indian system of natural and holistic medicine, which has around 5000 years of history in its research and studies. While allopathic medicine tends to focus on the management of disease, Ayurveda provides us with the knowledge of how to prevent disease and how to eliminate its root cause if it does occur.
According to ayurveda everything in the universe is a combination of – air (vata), fire (pitha) and water (kapha). Even the micro level of cells in a human body is constructed by these three universal elements. When the first cells are forming the tissues and organs of a child inside the uterus, one or two elements can dominate in that body, which makes the characteristics of that child from his birth and continues all through his life. That is why the children from the same parents can be different in their personality. Considering the time of the birth, weight of the child, physical status and mental response, Prakruti, the birth dominant element can be diagnosed. As for an example, generally, while vata dominating children will be of less weight with sleek bone structure, the pitha dominating will be average and the kapha dominating will be over weight with broad bone structure at the time of birth.
While growing from a child to an adult and then to the old, apart from the birth dominating elements, also the age dominating elements has a major role in changing the personality. For instance, the first 30 years are considered as growing period – the childhood period in ayurveda, which is influenced by kapha, the water element. From 30 to 60 years is the youth of a person, influenced by pitha, the fire element. From 60 to 90 is considered as the mid-age and which has the influence of both pitta in the beginning and more vata (air element) at the end. 90 year onwards vata takes over for the rest of the life. The actual life span of a human is considered as an average of 120 years in the state of balance in the elements. We can see many people who lived (and are still living) over 120 years in different parts of the world.
Ayurveda places great importance on one’s pathya, lifestyle, which is basically a person’s food habits and daily routine. In Ayurveda, food is the medicine and life disciplines are the therapy. During the stay at the Ayurveda Village, every guest gets the guidance to practice Ayurveda lifestyle through the right food, right exercise (yoga and meditation) and right relaxation programs for the body and mind according to the dominating elements/diseases’ condition.